All posts by catalinamedicalcenter

Chiropractic Care and Aging

chiropractic care and agingThe feeling has become all too familiar. The tightness in your back, the difficulty you have reaching your feet to put on your socks. As we age, common place activities begin to challenge us in ways they hadn’t before.

While you may have thought this was simply a part of life and something you’d need to live with, it most definitely is not the case. Regularly seeing a chiropractor can help with several problems related to aging. Here’s how chiropractic treatment can help you with common conditions that happen as we age. 


Those who suffer from arthritic pain often tend to lower their activity levels as a result. But, keeping up with regular activity and seeing a chiropractor for arthritis are ways to help you manage your disease.

The first course of action is a standard chiropractic adjustment. Placing undo stress on joints due to being slightly off center can aggravate symptoms of arthritis. Having your chiropractor readjust your alignment will help make sure you’re evenly placing pressure on all joints in the body.


If you have pain radiating in your lower back or gluteus area that feels like it’s radiating into your legs, you very likely could be suffering from sciatica. Sciatica is characterized by a pinched sciatic nerve and is prevalent in older individuals due to decreased core strength and spinal compression. This condition can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort if it goes untreated.

Chiropractors can help with sciatica through adjustments, physical therapy, massage or medication, amongh other things. The main focus of treatment is on increasing mobility and strengthening the muscles around the spine.


As we age, balance often suffers. Poor eyesight, inner ear issues, coordination and reflexes can easily cause people to topple over and fall. Chiropractic treatment can help you with your balance, by increasing flexibility and also aid in helping some of the common issues that are related. 

Recovery from Falls

Taking a spill here and there is bound to happen because as we age, balance issues develop. Coming back from them, however, can be quite difficult if not under the care of a medical professional.

Physical therapy after an injury is standard practice and can be attended to by your chiropractor. Through gradual strength building and increasing your flexibility, your chiropractor can have you back in fighting shape in no time.

Keep in mind that the best way to avoid injury is to take preventative precautions such as visiting a chiropractor to help with one of the core issues that leads to spills: your balance.  Maintaining proper alignment, staying centered with good posture, keeping up your core strength and increasing your flexibility enables you to react more effectively to unintended quick movements or trips.

Knee Pain

As our joints age with us, the cartilage cushioning them begins to wear thin. One of the primary causes of knee pain in older patients is osteoarthritis which can be quite debilitating if left untreated. Chiropractors can help with this chronic knee pain by performing alignments on the knee, ensuring the bones are meeting at the proper place in the joint.

If you’ve found yourself getting up in the morning feeling more stiff than ever before or are experiencing pain while participating in everyday activities, make an appointment with your chiropractor. If you’re in the Redondo Beach area, Catalina Medical is ready to take your appointments and start you on the path to better health.

Can’t Move Your Neck? Chiropractic Treatment for Twisted Neck

redondo beach chiropractor for twisted neckWaking up unable to lift your head off the pillow is excruciating. Stiffness seems to not cover the extent of how frozen your neck truly feels. In most cases of torticollis, or wry neck, neck mobility is severely impacted, preventing you from moving from side to side or tilting your head in any direction.

Needless to say, not being able to turn your head without hinging at the waist is problematic.

What is Torticollis or Wry Neck?

Torticollis is characterized by the locking up of the small joints located in the back of the neck. Once those joints become jammed, the muscles surrounding those joints follow suit and tighten around the problematic area. It’s a little counterproductive, but your body sees the joint issue as something it needs to protect which activates those muscles to safeguard them by tightening around the vertebrae. And voila, your neck is officially frozen.

What Causes Torticollis?

The majority of the time, symptoms first present upon waking and that’s no coincidence. Several of the causes of torticollis have to do with things happening while you sleep:

  • Improper sleeping posture 
  • Overlooked injury
  • Sleeping in irregular temperatures (going from warm to cold too quickly can cause muscles to tense up and spasm)
  • Text neck 
  • Uncommon activities (lifting heavy objects, trying a new gym routine, keeping your neck static looking in one direction for too long)

Chiropractic Treatment for Torticollis

While the condition only lasts up to about 7 days if left untreated, a week is an awfully long time to go without the full use of your neck. Preventing the neck pain in the first place is, of course, ideal. But, if you’re already suffering from wry neck, there are a few things you can do before heading to get a professional opinion:

If your condition is severe enough that you’re unable to go to work, you’ve got radiating pain into your shoulders or you just need to be back at it sooner rather than later, visiting a chiropractor can take your down time from a week to about 2-3 days.

Your chiropractor will be able to help you by prescribing a physical therapy program which should help get you back to normal. They may also suggest medications such as muscle relaxants or pain medications to help ease neck pain while also treating you in their office. If you’re around the Redondo Beach area, make an appointment with Catalina Medical Center to relieve your neck pain.

Chiropractic Treatment For Better Balance

redondo beach chiropractor for balanceGood balance seems to be reserved for young children and Olympic gymnasts. The rest of the population, not so much. Having good balance is a tricky thing and only gets worse as we age. Before you know it you’re getting thrown off kilter simply by turning to look over your shoulder.

What Causes Balance Issues?

While there are a great many things that can cause issues with balance like physical trauma, advanced stages of pregnancy or illness, more common catalysts for poor balance come with advanced aging. Other common causes of balance issues are:

  • Vestibular system failure: This is a fancy way of saying that our inner ear is losing its ability to determine the position our bodies relative to our surroundings
  • Eyesight decline: As we age, our ability to focus begins to wain which effects our depth perception and, ergo, our balance
  • Blood pressure issues: Uneven blood pressure contributes to the feeling of dizziness which can make it difficult to standup without feeling uneasy about your footing
  • Reflexes/coordination decline: Losing your coordination may cause more frequent stumbles and with slower reflexes you’re probably not able to catch yourself in time

So what do you do when you lose your balance? How do you avoid what seems to be inevitable?

How to Prevent Poor Balance


The leading remedy for poor balance is exercise. Strengthening core muscles  is an excellent way to ensure that the next time you’re feeling a bit wobbly you can count on a stronger core to whip you back up onto your feet.

Chiropractic Care

Visiting a professional chiropractor can help you in your quest for better balance. Chiropractors are actually able to help with inner ear problems such as free-floating calcium deposits in the inner ear causing vertigo which no doubt could be adding to your balance issues.

Also, if you’re suffering from a chronic musculoskeletal issue, your balance is likely being affected. Chiropractors are able to help you restore regular movement and flexibility with physical therapy. Allowing your body to move properly and react with greater ease to sudden special adjustments greatly improves your balance.

Holistic Treatment

Another method for treating chronic balance issues is with acupuncture. While there are studies that prove acupuncture benefits patients with balance issues due to trauma, others are still convinced that this eastern medicine has helped them with a variety of issues.  Anecdotal evidence abounds from patients crediting acupuncture with having helped with various problems such as chronic pain.

Living with poor balance may be something that naturally happens as we age, but taking preventative measures like scheduling a chiropractic appointment before the problem gets too bad should be on your radar, especially if you’re already exhibiting signs of poor balance. 

Redondo Beach Chiropractic Treatment for Headaches

redondo beach chiropractor for headachesHeadaches plague what can seem like the majority of the population and can be incredibly disruptive to your daily routine. Trying to push through your afternoon tasks while the pressure in your head mounts is no way to go through your day. And if you wake up with headaches? Talk about getting up on the wrong side of the bed. Good news is that chiropractors can make a significant difference for people suffering from chronic headaches.

Can a chiropractor help with headaches?

Many of the most common headaches can be linked to issues taking place further south in the body. For example, inflamed nerves in the neck can radiate into your head and face causing headaches. Nerves may become inflamed due to:

If you suffer from tension headaches, it is likely that you catch yourself multiple times per day with your shoulders up around your ears or clenching your jaw. If you’ve made a habit of constantly tensing your muscles, chances are you don’t even notice you’re doing it until the pain begins. 

Migraine headaches, perhaps the most dreadful of all headaches, are characterized by throbbing typically on one side of the head, that usually comes along with nausea, sensitivity to light and sound, and seeing spots. Migraine headaches can be triggered by environmental factors but studies have also shown that musculoskeletal issues can be blamed as a contributing factor to reoccurring migraines.   

Redondo Beach Chiropractor for Headaches

Seeing a chiropractor for headaches can be tremendously beneficial to anyone who is a chronic sufferer. Chiropractors specialize in the musculoskeletal system and are able to diagnose and treat many of the conditions that could be causing your headaches. It is not uncommon to feel near immediate relief from spinal manipulation performed by a professional chiropractor. 

A chiropractor is able to identify and treat subluxations in the upper shoulders and neck to help you kick your headache habit. Spinal manipulation has proven to be highly effective and many times your practitioner will suggest neck exercises to further support your headache relief.

But, getting rid of some of that undue stress being placed on your nervous system while at your chiropractors office will subsequently relieve much of the pain it’s causing you in the way of headaches. A chiropractor may also suggest acupuncture as a treatment for your chronic headaches. Especially effective for people suffering from tension headaches, acupuncture performed at a chiropractor’s office is just one more reason to go see a chiropractor for headache concerns. 

If you are in the Redondo Beach area, experience headaches on a regular basis and are interested in chiropractic headache treatments, make an appointment with Catalina Medical today. 

Can a Chiropractor Help with Vertigo?

redondo beach chiropractor for vertigoIf you’re unlucky enough to experience vertigo on a regular basis, you know how difficult it can be to enjoy everyday activities. Constantly feeling as if you’re on a merry go round is, to say the least, torturous. But, can a chiropractor help with vertigo?

What is Vertigo?

Vertigo is defined as a sensation of spinning and loss of balance which can be associated with looking down from high vantage points, a head trauma, eye problems, or may be caused by a disease affecting the inner ear or vestibular nerve. This means that simple things like going down stairs can trigger a spell of vertigo and usually once it starts it’s very difficult to get rid of.

Types of Vertigo

There are two primary types of vertigo: central and peripheral vertigo. 

Peripheral Vertigo

The most common of the two, peripheral vertigo is caused by issues in the inner ear such as vestibular neuronitis, BPPV (benign paroxysmal positional vertigo), or Meniere’s Disease. If you suffer from BPPV, this essentially is characterized by tiny calcium carbonate crystals floating around in the fluid of your inner ear. This leads to that dreadful dizzying feeling. 

Vestibular neuronitis can make someone brutally lightheaded and is usually attributed to a disease or infection in the inner ear. Meniere’s disease is a bit more elusive in its cause. Thought to be triggered by severe stress or too much sodium, caffeine or alcohol intake, Meniere’s disease triggers classic vertigo symptoms of dizziness but may also inflict temporary hearing loss.

Central Vertigo

Central vertigo is largely caused by disease or brain injury. Common causes of central vertigo are:

Unlike peripheral vertigo which can come and go rather quickly, central vertigo may suddenly strike and linger for extended periods of time.

Cervical Vertigo

A third type of vertigo, cervical vertigo, is associated with classic vertigo symptoms sparked by movement of the neck.

Chiropractic Treatment for Vertigo

Treatments for vertigo vary depending on the root cause, but many times people benefit from conservative treatments such as spinal manipulation performed by a professional chiropractor. This is especially effective for those suffering from vertigo caused by injury.

Types of Treatment

During a chiropractic treatment for vertigo, the chiropractor is able to address issues not only with the musculoskeletal system but also is able to perform manipulations which may provide relief to inner ear issues. For example, if a patient is experiencing vertigo from BPPV, a chiropractor is able to apply the Epley Maneuvre which uses gravity to move those calcium carbonate crystals away from the inner ear.

Your chiropractor can also relieve symptoms by manipulating joints in the neck to restore proper movement. If your neck is not moving appropriately, it may be telling your brain that you’re in a different position than you actually are. That, coupled with what your eyes and gravity is telling you, causes mass confusion and, consequently, vertigo. At-home exercises are also suggested by chiropractors to ease vertigo symptoms. The Brandt-Daroff technique is one such exercise that you can do in bed!

If you are suffering from vertigo, it is urgent that you see a professional as soon as possible as it may be a sign of something more sinister taking place in your body. Contact us to make a chiropractic appointment for your vertigo today.

Effective Treatment for Lower Back Pain

Individuals who suffer from lower back pain know that it’s not an easy thing to get rid of. Many of the activities that we participate in on a daily basis contribute to lower back pain issues such as driving, sitting for prolonged periods of time, exercising or untreated past trauma.

Thankfully, there are several effective treatments for lower back pain that you can do from home along with professional treatments which should vastly alleviate your symptoms.

At Home Lower Back Pain Relief

Now, we did mention that exercise may be a cause of lower back pain. Exercise, in many cases, contributes to back pain when improper form is being used while lifting weights or even doing cardio. While this is still true, exercise is actually very effective in treating lower back pain as long as you’re paying attention to your form.


Yoga – Yoga is a terrific type of exercise for anyone struggling with lower back pain. Practicing yoga strengthens your core and improves flexibility. Both are very important aspects to maintaining proper posture and therefore healthy back muscles. Also, several poses are particularly beneficial for lower back issues such as:

  • Child’s Pose
  • Extended Triangle Pose
  • Extended Puppy Pose
  • Locust Pose
  • Upward Facing Dog

Core Exercises – Like yoga, targeted core exercises help to strengthen the muscles which support your back. Some highly effective, at-home core exercises you should consider are planks, Russian twists, prone arm/leg raises and knee rolls.

Chiropractic Treatment for Lower Back Pain

In conjunction with your exercise routine targeted at relieving your back pain, seeking professional treatment from a holistic chiropractor will further support your recovery.

Professional Treatments

Acupuncture – Focusing on restoring the flow of energy through your body, acupuncture can be very effective at treating lower back pain. Acupuncture may help to decrease chronic pain and boost your overall ability to be more active which, as we’ve previously mentioned, helps to relieve back pain.

Physical Therapy – Engaging in regular physical therapy has shown to improve lower back issues. Two main types of physical therapy are generally used: Passive and Active. Active physical therapy requires the patient to actively participate in the therapy session through exercise and stretching. Passive therapy is characterized by treatments being performed on the patient, such as hot and cold therapy or electrical stimulation. Both forms are often used to provide a more holistic treatment.

Living with lower back pain can be agonizing. Proactively seek out ways to improve your quality of life! Catalina Medical Center in Redondo Beach can offer you a plethora of advice, not to mention professional treatments, to help ease your aching back.  Schedule an appointment today.

Is it Safe to Crack Your Own Neck?

How often do you crack your neck? Probably more often that you know you to crack your own neck

If you’ve got a stiff neck, the compulsion to crank your head side to side is understandable. But, is cracking your neck good for you? Is it even safe? In this post we’ll answer the questions that you have about cracking your own neck and whether there are better options for neck pain and stiffness. 

What Happens When You Crack Your Neck?

The popping sound you hear when cracking your joints is caused by gas bubbles in between your bones. These gas bubbles are floating in a liquid, which cushions the joints. When you crack your neck, the popping sound is the sound of that gas being released due to the pressure you’ve placed on them.

If you’re having trouble picturing this process, imagine unscrewing the top of a soda bottle. All of the carbonation bubbles race to the top as soon as you release the pressure. That’s exactly what happens when you crack your neck.

Releasing the gas build up in between your joints relieves pressure and allows the lubricating liquid to do its job and increased your range of movement and improves nerve function.  

Should You be Cracking Your Own Neck?

When it comes down to it, cracking your neck, back or other joints on your own is probably not the best idea in the long run.

Your neck contains delicate elements in your body including your spinal cord, arteries, blood vessels, muscles, nerves, and ligaments. When you crack your own neck, all of those parts of your body move sharply. 

Perhaps you’ve been cracking your own neck for years and nothing has happened to raise any alarms. But, that doesn’t mean it won’t happen.

Consequences of Cracking Your Neck

Let’s use some more imagery to illustrate why you shouldn’t be cracking your own neck. Imagine you’ve got a favorite pair of socks that you wear several times a week. After a while, you’ll notice that they’re not staying up on their own and you routinely have to reach into your shoe to retrieve it. It’s probably because you’ve stretched the elastic out from overuse and once you’ve done that, the sock is ruined.

Same goes for the ligaments between your joints. Your joints react to repeated stretching in the same way that the elastic in your socks does. Too much stretching means that you’ll weaken the integrity of your ligaments making your joints unstable or could even lead to said ligament snapping. Weakening of the ligaments leads to a whole host of other issues like pinched nerves and general misalignment. While you probably won’t get arthritis or cause severe damage, it’s never a good idea to snap your neck joints. 

Alternatives to Joint Cracking

Keep in mind that you’re very likely to be experiencing joint discomfort due to a completely separate musculoskeletal issue and popping your joints yourself is only providing temporary relief. Seeing a chiropractor for neck pain  or other joint discomfort should be your first stop to end the compulsive process of cracking your neck. 

A processional chiropractor is able to assess your overall musculoskeletal health and make recommendations like at home exercise routines to relieve neck pain or even ways to adjustment your posture and sleeping habits. Correcting the problem is before it starts is the best option. to stop the pain before it starts.

If you find yourself continually cracking and popping your neck, now’s the time to stop. Contact us to make an appointment with a Redondo Beach chiropractor and stop cracking your neck today

Chiropractic Treatment for a Slipped or Herniated Disc

The human spine is an incredibly complex structure and, unfortunately, can be the cause of severe discomfort for many of us. One of the most painful issues to deal with is a slipped disc.

What Is a Slipped Disc?redondo beach chiropractor slipped disc

Frequently occurring in the lower back, the condition is characterized by the soft, gelatinous, inner portion of the spinal column protruding through the tougher outer ring and, subsequently, pushing on the surrounding nerves. Ouch. 

What Causes a Slipped Disc?

Normally, slipped discs are caused by the softening of that tough outer ring we just mentioned. It happens with age which is why the condition is more prominent in older individuals. You may also experience a slipped disc if you’re lifting heavy objects and twisting at the waist or if you’re overweight and placing an additional burden on your spinal column.

There are a few options out there if you’re suffering from a slipped or herniated disc. The first treatment is, of course, prevention!

How to Prevent a Herniated Disc

Live a healthy lifestyle: Maintaining a healthy weight and a balanced nutritional diet will help alleviate the pressure on your spinal column. The less pressure it takes on a regular basis the less softening of that tough outer ring and the less likely you’ll be to experience discomfort.

Also, quit with the nicotine. Nicotine prevents the discs in your back from absorbing the nutrients you’re working so hard to include in your diet, making them dehydrated and brittle.


Keeping the muscles in your core and back strong go a long way in preventing several spinal issues including a slipped disc. Incorporating exercises which specifically target these core back areas should be included into a consistent workout schedule.


Pay attention to your posture. If you’re slumping over or placing uneven pressure on your hips (ahem, men take your wallets out of your back pockets while sitting) while seated, you’re stressing those precious vertebrae. If your office chair is a bit rickety, try adding some lumbar support with an ergonomic lower back pillow or by simply rolling up a towel and placing it between your lower back and your chair.

Sleeping Position

Don’t forget that your sleeping position is a major contributor to your spinal health. Sleeping in a position which does not adequately support your body’s alignment can do more damage than you’d think.

Treatment for a Slipped Disc

If you are already suffering symptoms of a herniated or slipped disc (pain, numbness or tingling in limbs which worsen at night or with certain activities) the best thing to do is to get in to see your chiropractor as soon as you can. A professional will be able to make recommendations to safely and effectively treat your herniated disc.

If you’re suffering from a slipped or herniated disc in Redondo Beach, contact us for an appointment.

Chiropractic Remedies for Back Spasms

redondo beach chiropractic treatment for back spasmsCramp, pinch, stitch, Charley horse…a spasm by any other name would feel just as awful. Any time you experience a muscle that suddenly constricts, almost violently, painfully, and completely involuntarily is considered a muscle spasm.

Muscle spasms are even more horrible when you experience them in your back, especially if you’re already suffering from chronic back pain.

Causes of Back Spasms

If you experience back spasms, there’s generally a reason why. Spasms are one way that your body is telling you that something is wrong or that there’s some type of imbalance; either in your spine or in your nutrients. Several things could be blamed for your frequent back spasms. The primary triggers of back spasms tend to be:

Outside of living an active lifestyle, you may be experiencing back spasms due to a physical disorder such as:

  • Spinal misalignment
  • Herniated spinal disc
  • Spinal stenosis 

Chiropractic Treatment for Back Spasms

First and foremost, if you’re experiencing back spasms, it means there’s an issue. Either you’re doing too much too quickly or without proper training or you’ve got a more serious issue festering under the surface. Seeking out chiropractic treatment for back spasms is the first step into diagnosing the root of your discomfort.

Chiropractic physical therapy, massage, or acupuncture is an effective treatment for tense muscles that are a result of overexertion. But, if the source of your back spasms is due to a physiological issue like the examples listed above, you most definitely need to seek chiropractic treatment for back spasms. Spasms mean that something in your body is off and allowing the nerves in your back to remain in a compromised state for too long can cause permanent damage to your body. Not only that, but back spasms are painful and treatment can help alleviate that discomfort. 

How to Prevent Back Spasms

While back spasms are a literal pain, the good news is that preventing back spasms is possible. Aside from back spasms caused by injury or ailment, back spasms can be prevented by keeping your body active and nourished with the following:


Performing core exercises isn’t just for those of us looking for a “beach bod”. Keeping your core in tip top shape provides your back with much needed support and helps to prevent back spasms in the first place. Also, incorporate stretching into your lower back exercises to increase flexibility. The more pliable your muscles are, the less likely they’ll be to spasm when making a sudden movement.


Properly nourishing your hard working muscles is one more way to keep them in a relaxed state at all times. Be sure you’re drinking plenty of water and incorporate Sodium, Calcuim, Magnesium, and Potassium into your diet whether through proper meal planning or by taking a multivitamin.

Sleeping Position

Your sleeping posture can also have an impact on your back and either cause or help alleviate back spasms. 

Do you tend to sleep twisted up like a pretzel or on your stomach? Maintaining proper sleeping posture helps tremendously in reducing back spasms. Seemingly innocent (and comfortable) positions can wreak havoc on your lower back and strain back muscles for prolonged periods of time. Tonight, pay attention to your body and if you think find yourself guilty of improper sleeping posture, change your position for a few nights and see how big of a difference it makes for you.

Although these tips work for most people suffering from back spasms, every person is different and could be enduring what could end up being a much more serious issue. The best advice we can give to someone experiencing back spasms is to schedule a chiropractic appointment to find out the cause of and treat your back spasms.

Chiropractic Physical Therapy

chiropractic physical therapy redondo beachThere is a wide spectrum of different treatment styles when it comes to alleviating back and neck pain. For many people, chiropractic treatment is the first line of defense; for others, it’s physical therapy.

So, what’s the best treatment for you? Here’s a breakdown of both chiropractic treatment and physical therapy and how the two can be used in conjunction to relieve pain and  increase strength and flexibility.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy is primarily based on working on the musculoskeletal system together with the neuromuscular system with an aim of improving any dysfunction in movement, posture, any joint misalignments and muscle imbalances. The ultimate focus of our physical therapy is towards ensuring that pain is decreased and strength and movement is improved. These also happen to be the goals of most chiropractic courses of treatment.

Physical therapy aims to improve the performance of daily functions, laying emphasis on a program that is progressive. Physical therapists will often assign core strengthening exercises or neck pain relief exercises to be performed independently at home. Physical therapy is a course of treatment that many people seek out or are assigned after an injury like a sport injury or orthopedic surgery. In these cases, physical therapy serves to rehabilitate the muscles and improve range of motion in the body. 

The treatment procedure in physical therapy is specific to the part that needs attention but involves working on all the other soft tissues and any other joint or neurological structure that is involved. The therapists at times incorporate various degrees of mobilization on to different joints, which may include the spine to aid in making the treatment more efficient. Soft tissue techniques are also emphasized including therapeutic exercises to aid in the treatment process. The duration of treatment in each visit ranges between 45 to 60 minutes per visit.

Chiropractic Treatment

Chiropractic treatment is based a very strong relationship between good health and the nervous system, with focus being laid on treating the skeletal system together with the neurological system. The science behind chiropractic treatment is spinal and joint manipulation to facilitate movement in the body and reduce tension and pain.

Chiropractic treatment is used for conditions ranging from sciatica pain treatment to tension headache relief. The main goals of chiropractic treatment is to reduce pain as part of a holistic approach to health and well being. Unlike physical therapy, chiropractic treatment is usually part of a long term regimen to maintain a healthy posture and reduce ongoing back pain for which there aren’t other treatment options. 

Chiropractic Physical Therapy

While physical therapy and chiropractic treatment differ, they’re often used in conjunction as part of an overall treatment program. By combining the strength training and rehabilitation aspects of physical therapy with the movement and flexibility that chiropractic adjustments provide, patients are able to recover better from injuries and reduce pain more effectively. . 

If you’re suffering from pain related to injuries or long term conditions, contact us to learn about chiropractic treatment in Redondo Beach.